The tranquil little village and surrounding of Yuksom offer ample opportunity for experiencing the history of Sikkim. Yuksom situated 119kms from present Capital Gangtok and 34kms. From Pelling. Yuksom is a large village with a total area of 812.16 hectares (2,006.9 acres) situated at an average altitude of 1780 m. Introduction of Buddhism to the state from Tibet is as early as in the 9th century. In the struggle for power between the "Yellow hats" and the "Red hats" in Tibet, the latter had migrated to Sikkim and converted the mild mannered Lepchas (the aboriginal inhabitants) to Buddhism. In the 13th century, relations between Sikkim and Tibet were cemented by a "Brother hood treaty" signed between the Lepcha chief Thekong Thekand Tibetan prince Khe-Bhumsa at Kavi, in north Sikkim. 1641, Lama Lutsum Chembo holy monk travelled from Tibet to Denjong (meaning hidden country) now known as Sikkim to propagate the Buddhist religion.
Where according to the historical records, the first Chogyal of the Kingdom of Sikkim was consecrated in 1641 A.D. by three learned lamas. Yuksom was honoured as the capital of the state. One can find the evidence of the sanctification program of the Chogyal King at the Norbugabg throne. The legends say that three scholar Lamas coming from three different directions assembled at Yuksom and consecrated the Chogyal King During the late 1600, the ruins in the Chorten show the stone seats and the footprints of the head Lama on a stone. The name Yuksom also means the meeting place of three Lamas. The area in Rathong chu valley at Narbugong was considered as blessed by Guru Padma Sambhava (Guru Rim-bo-che). The dynastic rule of the Chogyals lasted for 333 years. Yuksom is a historical village in Geyzing subdivision of West Sikkim. Its fascinating people , mountain peak and the area’s immense natural diversity. surrounded by picturesque mountains covered with dense forests of Rhododendron, birch, maple, oaks and magnolia houses a diverse collection of flora and fauna. this was the first capital of Sikkim,
Sightseeing tour :
Norbugang Throne :Norbugang Coronation Throne in the year 1642 in the memory of the first monarch (‘Chogyal’) of Sikkim - Phuntsog Namgyal. He was the fifth generation descendant of Guru Tashi, namely Lutsum Chembo, Sempa Chembo and Rinzing Chembo had found from the region near Pelling and recognized as the chosen one for the purpose of spreading Buddhism. A park named Norbugang Park in Yuksom encloses a large prayer wheel, a prayer hall, the Norbugang Chorten (stupa) and the Norbugang Coronation Throne. The throne containing four seats is made of stone. The Pine Tree under which the accession took place still stands here. The Norbugang Chorten is situated just opposite the coronation throne and the holy Kathok Lake that had provided water for the consecration ceremony can be still seen here. A footprint is discovered which is supposed to be of one of the three Lamas.
Dubdi Monastery : this is the first monastery established soon after the consecration ceremony of the first Chogyal. The monastery is located on a hill top above Yuksom surrounded by verdant forest. It can be approached by trekking only, negotiating steep slope for about half an hour. It is an ideal place for lamas seeking meditating recluse.
Tashiding Monastery :this monastery is constructed on top of a heart shaped hill with the back drop of the sacred Mt. Kanchendzunga. According to Buddhist scriptures, Guru Padma Sambhava ( Guru Rimpoche) blessed the sacred land of Sikkim in the 8th century AD from this spot. The monastery however was built in the 18th century AD by Ngadak Sempa Chempo, one of the three lamas who had performed the consecration ceremony of the first Chogyal. Tashiding is also famous for the most holy Chorten known as ‘ Thong-Wa-Rang-Dol’ which literally means ‘Saviours by mere Sight’. It is believed that the mere act of beholding it is supposed to have washed away all the sins of the devotees. Another important feature of Tsshiding is the sacred water festival unique to this monastery only. Every year on 14th and 15th day of the first Lunar month the Bhumchu Ceremony is celebrated with devotees coming from far and near to get the blessing of the holy water. The sacred holy water is officially sealed for safety by the lamas of the monastery. It is taken out once a year on an auspicious occasion only to be put back with some fresh additions. The sacred water which is taken out is partly mixed with normal water to be distributed among the thousands of devotees.
Kongri Labdang : besides Tashiding monastery there are other attractions in and around Tashiding like Sinon Monastery. Tso-Nim-Dawa (Pokhri danra) Hungri Monastery and Pao- Hungri.
Katok Lake:is in small holy lake in Yuksom, five minutes walking distance from Yousom Bazar (market). Surround the lake you can find lots of prayer flag and different type of birds. Fishing and swimming not allowed in this lake, for the meditation it is the best place.
Famrong Water Falls :– 4 kms. from Yuksom on the way to Tashidind. magnificent scenario especially during Monsoon. Highest water falls in West Sikkim.