About Sikkim

Decorated Yak at Tsomgo lake

Majestic Vacation offer you a complete Sikkim tour information, Sikkim is one of the incredible tourist destination in India which is situated in East Himalaya. 

The State of Sikkim is legendary for its peaceful nature and simplicity. Long sequestered in the Himalaya. The kingdoms of Nepal in the west Bhutan in the east lies a small stretch of rugged land just 115km. by 65 km. the Indian state of Sikkim. On its northern border towers the plateau of Tibet whereas it shares its southern border with West Bengal which is another state of India. On the world map it is approximate latitude of 27 degrees north and longitude of 88 degrees east but its small size of 7094sq km. belies its richness of culture, customs, heritage, flora and fauna. No wonder Sikkim is a bio-diversity hotspot, Sikkim has only 0.2persent of the area of India but has 26 percent of its biodiversity species of flora and fauna, wild animals like marmots and the red panda, a wide range of flora from primulas to orchids. More then 580 varieties of orchids, over 600 species of butterflies, 552 species of birds. The pristine unspoilt netural beauty include alpine landscape and thick luxuriant tropical forest, rivers in torrents and peaceful lakes a true Shangrila and a veritable kaleidoscope. Sikkim has a very rugged and formidable topography and flat lands are difficult to come by from the air Sikkim looks as though someone has run a giant plough through the land. Most of the peak above 6000 meters lie towards the western border of Sikkim. On the western border lies the third highest mountain of the world the Kanchendzunga 8588 meters high the very suggests majesty and challenge. It is ahuge mass that straddles Nepal and Sikkim but its summit lies in Sikkim.others peak like Mount Kabru which is also the second highest mountain in the state, Siniolchu, Pandim, Rathong, Kokthang, Talung, Shimvo. On the face of it one would not expect to find lake on such a rugged terrain. But surprisingly Sikkim dose have lakes though not very large in size. These lakes are both spring fed as well as river fed. They also from source of many river. The river that flows right across the length of Sikkim is the Tista snaking through the gorges taking tributaries as it goes. Its major tributary is the Rangit which originates for the Rathong Glacier and meets it at the border between Sikkim and West Bengal. The river Rammam a tributary of Rangit, a part of the river Ranngit it self and Rangpo chu a tributary of Tista define the southern border between Sikkim and West Bengal. Tista originates from the lake Cholamu where it is hardly a stream.

Sikkim was earlier a protectorate of India with a monarchy Government but in 1975 it metamorphosed as the 22 state of the Indian union. The population of the hole state is only 540000 as per the last census less then a populated colony of Delhi. Language communication for out sider also posses no problem . all though Neapali is the most widely spoken language in Sikkim, every one seems to know Hindi and English. In spite of rapid development, Sikkim continues to be a small place and every thing about it is simple including the names of its four districts , North, East, South, West. Part of the rivers Rangit Tista Rammam and Rangpo chu combine to define the border of Sikkiim with West Bengal.

Lepchas are said to be one of the original inhabitants of Sikkim. It has not yet been established from where the Lepchas originally come to Sikkim. There are some theories which indicate that the Lepchas come from the border of Assam and Burma. Other theories speak of the Lepchas having migrated to Sikkim from southern Tibet. No matter from where they have original roots, the fact that is clearly establish is that they are of mongoloid descent. The Lepchas are now predominantly Buddhists but many of them are also Christians having been converted to this faith by the missionaries. Communities cultures religions and customs of different hues intermingle freely here in Sikkim to constitute a homogeneous blend and present a kaleidoscopic picture. Hindu temples coexist with Buddhist monasteries and there are even a few Christian churches, muslim mosques and sikh Gurdwaras. All through the buddiest with monasteries all over the state are the most conspicuous religious group, they are infect a minority constitution only 28% of the population. the majority, 68% profess Hinduism. The predominated communities are the Lepchas , bhutias and the Nepalis. in urban areas many plainsmen have also settle and they are mostly engagedin business and service. There are also few thousand Tibetan Refugees settled in Sikkim.

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How To Go ?


Bagdogra near Siliguri, 120 km from Gangtok is the nearest airport to the state.

Another special Helicopter service has come up in Bagdogra for reaching Sikkim You can use this service once in a day and four people are allowed at one time.



The nearest railhead to Sikkim is in New Jalpaiguri near Siliguri at 117 km from Gangtok. 



National Highway no. 31 serves as a connecting link between the state capital Gangtok and Siliguri. Gangtok is also well connected to Kolkata (721 km) and Darjeeling (139 km) with a good network of roads. There are regular buses plying between Siliguri to Sikkim and vice versa. Tourists can reach various towns of Sikkim through easily available cabs/taxi.